Types of Phrases

      Bedford Handbook 5th ed.                        page #

  •     absolute                                             768
  •     appositive                                          767
  •     gerund                                                765
  •     infinitive                                             766
  •     participial                                           765
  •     prepositional                                      756
  •     verbal                                                 763

  • Copy the examples & compose original sentences following the same patterns.

    THE INFINITIVE

                        is  usually preceded by  to.

    Examples:

    She wants to leave. Thatís the lady to see. He was eager to go.

    An infinitive can function as - -

    a] a noun, b] an adjective, or c] an adverb,.

    Examples :

    a] To attend is necessary. b] She collected the money to be given. c] He played to win.

    Identify the basic sentence patterns used above.


    THE PARTICIPLE

                        functions as an adjective.

    Examples:

    Hurrying, I signed the check.
    The car had a scratched hood.

    Identify the following sentence patterns, also noting the participle &/or participial phrase.

    1- The greased pig eluded the boys.

    2- We heard a crying baby.

    3- The team, having won, celebrated boisterously.

    More on phrases next
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